The Tajik language is a variety of the modern Persian language which is spoken throughout Central Asia. Historically, Tajiks called their language zabani farsi – the Persian language, the term zabani tajiki, or “Tajik language”, was introduced in the 20th century in the USSR. Most of the Tajik speakers live in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Tajik is the official language of Tajikistan.
In ancient times, the territory of modern Central Asia was inhabited by Indo-European tribes with hindi to english translation app. First of all, these tribes occupied not only the regions of Samarkand and Penjikent, but also the lands in the east up to Turfan and Loulan. In the centuries that followed, Arab, Turkish and Mongol invaders reshaped the sociopolitical and economic dynamics of Central Asia and redesigned its religious, ethnic, and linguistic map.
The most important historical cities of Central Asia that speak Tajik – Samarkand and Bukhara, are located in modern Uzbekistan. In Uzbekistan, Tajiks are the largest population in the ancient cities of Bukhara and Samarkand, and many of them are located in the province of Serxondario in the south and along Uzbekistan’s eastern border with Tajikistan.
Official statistics in Uzbekistan show that the Tajik community makes up 5% of the total population. Tajiks make up 80% of the population of Tajikistan, and Persian dominates most parts of the country. Some Tajiks in Badakhshan in southeastern Tajikistan, where the languages of the Pomir ethnic group are the mother tongues of most residents, are bilingual citizens. Tajiks are the dominant ethnic group in northern Afghanistan and Tajiks account for approximately 25% to 30% of the total population of Afghanistan. The large Tajik-speaking diaspora has emerged from the instability that has severely drained Central Asia in recent years, but the government hopes to remedy this situation soon. Also, a significant number of people who speak Tajik are in Russia, Kazakhstan, and in other countries. Studying the Tajik language you will touch the ancient Persian language and plunge into the atmosphere of the mysterious East.