Phonetics is called the sound system of the language and hebrew to english, and it is with this section that it is customary to associate pronunciation. There are 26 letters in the English alphabet, and 44 sounds at the same time. And the difficulty of pronouncing English words lies in the fact that the same letter can sound differently depending on the position in the word. And the point is not even in a strong and weak position (shock and unstressed, for example), but in letter combinations. So, the letter “a” in the words call [ko: l], past [pa: st] bat [bæt] or swan [swon] has a different sound. And for a person whose native language does not have such examples, it can be difficult to remember all the phonetic nuances. Especially if you remember that in addition to classic British and American English, there are also well-established accents of other English-speaking countries in which the sound of the same vowels can differ significantly from the classical pronunciation.

Also in colloquial English and spanish to english, the duration of the pronunciation of vowels can change the meaning of the whole word. For example, the words heel (heel, heel) and hill (hill) are pronounced almost the same, only the duration of the vowel sound differs. In the first case, we say [hiːl], and in the second we say [hil] briefly. Such differences can be almost imperceptible in speech, for example, for native Russian speakers, because in our language there are no analogues of such pronunciation. But for the Chinese, the duration of vowels will be easier to recognize due to the rich tonality of the Chinese language. However, the basic unit of English is the letter, while the basic unit of Chinese is the syllable. That is, a combination of vowels and consonants. Therefore, it is difficult for the Chinese to pronounce English words in which several consonants are adjacent, for example, in the word squirrel – they will try to fill them with non-existent vowels.

Also, in Chinese, for example, there is no sound (v), just like in Russian there is no sound, which gives a combination of English letters th. Whether it is a dull sound [θ], as in the word throw, or a voiced [ð], as in the word weather. And since our articulatory apparatus is not used to reproducing these sounds, achieving perfect pronunciation can be incredibly difficult. Hindus, for example, pronounce English words extremely softly, although in English all consonants are always pronounced firmly.